Everything you Need to Know about Gerunds

Gerunds are the present participle form of a verb (verb + ing) that functions as a noun. These are sometimes called verbal nouns. They function as a noun in sentences.

These can be taught as a grammar lesson or as they are encountered in reading or writing.

SUBJECT

 Generally, it is better to use a gerund for a subject than an infinitive. 

  • Swimming is my favorite sport.
  • Reading is great entertainment.

DIRECT OBJECT

  • I suggest trying the spaghetti. It's delicious.
  • I miss playing the piano.

SUBJECT COMPLEMENT

  • My favorite sport is running.
  • His favorite subject is writing.

OBJECT OF A PREPOSITION

  • I am afraid of flying.
  • He is very good at drawing.

Gerunds Can Have Direct Objects

  • I like learning English. (English is the D.O. of learning)
  • I hate teaching writing.(writing is the D.O. of teaching)

Gerunds are used to discuss actions that are real, concrete and completed.

  • I stopped smoking.
  • I practiced playing the piano.
  • The voting has finished.

Gerunds are used to give opinions.

  • I hate waiting for the bus.
  • I enjoy cooking.
  • I prefer making pizza.
  • I wish moving was easy.

Common Verbs Followed by a Gerund Include:

admit, advise, anticipate, appreciate, avoid, complete, consider, delay, deny, discuss, enjoy, escape, finish, imagine, keep, mention, mind, miss, postpone, practice, quit, recall, recommend, regret, resist, risk, stop, suggest, tolerate

Common Verbs Followed by a Gerund or Infinitive Include:

begin, continue, forget, hat, like, love, neglect, prefer, remember, start

Reasons for using Gerunds

 

 

Spelling Rules for Forming Gerunds

Spelling Rules for Adding -ing

1. Add the -ing suffix to a word ending with two consonants.

  • talk + ing = talking
  • drink + ing = drinking

    2, 1-1-1 Rule: Double the final letter when the word has 1 syllable, 1 short vowel, and ends with 1 consonant. (x is not doubled)

    • swim + m + ing = swimming
    • jog + g + ing = jogging

        3. If the word ends with Silent E, drop the e and add -ing.

        • smoke - e+ ing = smoking
        • cope - e + ing = coping

          4. If the word ends with vowel + Y,  add -ing.

          • play + ing = playing
          • enjoy + ing = enjoying

            5. If the word ends with consonant + Y, add -ing.

            • fly + ing = flying
            • reply + ing = replying

              6. Change 'ie' to 'y' and add -ing.

              • die - ie + y + ing = dying
              • lie - ie + y + ing  = lying

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